How to grow perovskia from seeds?
Magnificent perovskia resembling a lilac haze is a special plant. Known in the West under the name of Russian sage, Perovskiy offers to set lush accents and unleash the beauty of its blue-violet gamut. The main advantage of this culture is considered to be ease of cultivation. The most economical and simplest option is to grow the Perovian seed itself.
Perovskiy (Russian sage, botanical name - Perowskia) - herbaceous perennials, which are appreciated for the beauty of textures, and for greens, and for long flowering. These are tall, 60 to 100 cm plants with fragrant, twice cirrus, or whole leaves and even more fragrant inflorescences. Throughout the second half of the garden season, from July, the Perovian bushes are covered with a flowering cloud from an innumerable set of elongated lacy panicle inflorescences. Perovsky flowers are small, but very numerous. The flowering of this perennial in purple-violet colors can be enjoyed until the advent of frost.
Perovskia is propagated mainly vegetatively. The easiest way - cuttings, rooting of summer shoots. But you can get a large number of seedlings from seeds. The cost of such planting material is the lowest, and the efforts to grow seedlings always pay off. True, when grown from perovskii seeds, it blooms somewhere in the fifth year, but then the plants will be ideally adapted to the conditions of a particular garden and will have better winter hardiness. They can reach almost maximum height in the first year, combining perfectly with other plantings.
About species and varieties of Perovsky, how to grow and care for a decorative plant, read in our material: Perovskia - a modest and hardy Russian sage
Self-collection of seeds and their selection for sowing
After the flowering of Perovskia is completed, it is rather difficult to notice ripening fruits in the former inflorescences. Egg-shaped nuts a few millimeters in length are tied in the fall, and in the middle zone the seeds do not always ripen, so it is better to buy seeds of the Perovian.
When choosing the seeds of this perennial, it is worth paying attention to the completeness of information about them. Learn the botanical name, as seeds of other plants are often sold under the guise of a Perovian. An exhaustive characterization of the variety, the availability of information on the recommended method of sowing will allow you to choose the quality seeds you need. Perovskia is not the most popular perennial for growing from seeds, so it is better to give preference to trusted producers with a good reputation. The low price should alert, because the seeds of Perovskia are considered rare and are not so common in catalogs.
Perovskian seed germination is low. Seeds usually sprout unevenly due to the fact that the quality of their ripening depends on the autumn vagaries of the weather.
Strategies for growing perovskia from seeds:
- Sowing directly to the soil in seedlings.
- Sowing in the winter.
- Sowing seedlings.
With any method, sowing of Perovskia is carried out in the soil - after it is warm enough. Perovskiy is cold-resistant, so you can not wait for the threat of recurrent frosts to disappear. In the middle lane, sowing is carried out in April or early May.
In the conditions of warm autumn, Perovskiy plants give self-seeding, and young seedlings can be used as seedlings, but they need to be excavated and transplanted very carefully. In regions with severe winters, surviving self-seeding is still a rarity.
Sowing of Perovian soil
For growing young Perovsky it is better to choose a permanent place, rather than a seedling bed. Plants will have to grow to bloom for several years, but the Perovskis do not like transplants, they form a powerful root system, and in the first year they grow very actively. Therefore, it is better from the very beginning to sow them in rows at a great distance to a permanent place and "do not touch" in the future.
Sowing of Perovskia can be carried out both in winter and in spring.
There is nothing complicated in the sowing process:
- Perovskiy is sown in shallow rows at a distance of about 60-70 cm from each other.
- Sowing is carried out sparsely, trying to reduce the loss of young seedlings during thinning.
- The sown seeds are carefully covered with a thin layer of soil, trying to maintain a level of deepening of 2-3 cm.
- Moisten the soil with gentle watering.
After the appearance of the first seedlings, the plants are thinned out, leaving the strongest sprouts with a significant distance between cultures. Young Perovskis are provided with thorough care, frequent weeding, and drought watering.
If sowing was carried out on seedlings, then the Perovskii should be transferred to a permanent place with a large earthen lump no later than the next year after sowing.
Sowing perovskii for seedlings
Perovskian dislike for transplants requires great care when growing seedlings. It is because of the risk of loss of plants when transferred to the soil, less winter hardiness compared to plants sown in the soil, this method is considered not the best and rare. Perovsky seedlings are often bought than grown independently, so as not to wait for several years of its flowering. But with due diligence, you can grow a plant in this way.
Pre-treatment of seeds increases germination. It is advisable that the seeds of Perovskia be kept in the cold for a month at a temperature of about 5 degrees Celsius. When buying seeds of perovskia, it is necessary to pay attention to the manufacturer's recommendations: seeds are often sold already past the necessary stratification.
Sowing is carried out in March or at the end of February. In individual peat pots, several seeds are sown in shallow wells. With stable light soil moisture and covering with a film or glass, seedlings appear quickly only under the condition of cold stratification. On average, the process of emergence of seedlings in Perovskia is stretched for a period of 3 weeks to 3 months. Of the plants in each pot, the one strongest is left.
Young Perovskians are sensitive to waterlogging. Seedlings are not fed, they are kept on the brightest windowsill. Early hardening improves plant resistance.
Planting seedlings of Perovskia
In a permanent place for seedlings, it is important to choose the right lighting. Perovskia prefers sunny, brightly lit areas and light, permeable, drained soils. This perennial does not tolerate acidic soils and develops better in slightly alkaline or calcareous. Before planting, the soil is improved with organic and mineral fertilizers, the texture is adjusted by adding sand, lime, and other additives loosening and stabilizing the soil reaction.
Perovskian seedlings are transferred to a permanent place in individual holes, simply transshipping with a whole earthen lump. The depth level for the plant is left unchanged.
After planting before the resumption of active growth, young Perovskis are better off providing frequent watering. In the future, plants are watered only when prolonged drought is combined with very high temperatures. Fertilizing the plant for several years can be omitted; in the future, only organic fertilizers embedded in the soil in early spring or used for mulching are enough. In the first winter, Perovskiy mulch with a high layer of any available materials. In the future, there is no need for protection for the winter, but to stabilize the conditions and more luxuriant flowering, it is better to continue to cover the plants. Trimming of dry aerial parts is carried out in early spring, leaving stumps about 10 cm high.