How to feed plants in May
May - in many regions, the planting time of the main vegetable crops. And the success of the season depends on what the start will be. In the same period, it is necessary to fertilize the garden, nourish the lawn and ornamental plants. For this reason, it’s good to know in advance what, when and what to fertilize on your site, because each culture has its own needs for nutrients, and calculating them without any knowledge is very difficult. In this article we will talk about the main dressings of May, tell you how and under which crops to bring them.
To simplify the task for gardeners, Buisky Fertilizers developed a product line of organic fertilizers - OMU, which includes not only a complex of basic micro- and microelements, but also humic compounds useful for soil and plants, effective microorganisms. Many of them are specialized for individual cultures, which greatly simplifies the choice and provides a competent approach to feeding.
How to feed the garden in May
Spring dressing of the garden should be carried out several weeks before the flowering of fruit trees and shrubs. The usual dates for this are mid-March-first decade of April. But if for some reason fertilizers were not applied in the early spring, the event can be moved to May, at the time of flowering.
Almost all crops grown in our gardens need about the same amount of trace elements, but the need for the main ones - nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium - varies. This is due to the fact that during the growing season, they in varying quantities remove one or another element from the soil. Therefore, all cultures are fed differently, and all of them can be divided according to the priority need for nitrogen, phosphorus or potassium.
As well as what to bring nitrogen in the garden
Nitrogen is a group of basic elements. All plants need it. But most of all it is needed for cherries, apple trees, raspberries and black currants. And if in the fall the garden was not fertilized with manure, you need to think about fertilizing in the spring. A good solution is carbamide (urea). It is necessary to introduce it either before the flower buds open, or after the excess ovary has been discarded - here everyone focuses on their climate.
Fertilizer is dissolved in water at the rate of 5 - 10 g per 1 liter, getting a 5% or 10% solution. Under one plant make 20 g of granules per 1 square. m, i.e. 4 l of a 5% solution or 2 l of a 10% solution. In addition, the working solution can be used for foliar feeding. In this case, one liter is spent per 20 square meters. m
However, all garden crops need other nutrients. They can be added separately, can be mixed. But it is much easier to use complex fertilizer, which is dominated by nitrogen. For example, WMD Spring, which contains phosphorus, and potassium, and magnesium, as well as iron, copper, zinc, manganese and other necessary trace elements.
An additional advantage is that this fertilizer is based on lowland peat and carries humic substances. And also, each granule of Vesennyi WMD is treated with a microbiological component bearing two main bacteria, which, when entering the soil, convert nutrients inaccessible to plants in an accessible form, help improve soil composition and protect the basal layer from pathogenic microflora.
“WMD Spring” is introduced very simply - scatter along the surface of the soil around the tree trunk, but then the ground needs to be loosened and shed well. Enough 10 - 30 g of granules (in the first tablespoon of 20 g) per 1 square. m. It is good to add it to the planting pits when planting seedlings. Only 80 - 120 g of fertilizer will significantly improve the survival rate and stimulate the development of young plants.
As well as what to bring phosphorus in the garden
There is usually no shortage of phosphorus in horticultural crops - its reserves in the soil are sufficient. And it is present in complex fertilizer. But if the fruits on the trees last year were small, the crop was not high, the plants were stunted, their leaves were dull, and possibly had a blue-violet or bronze (depending on the crop) hue, so phosphoric fertilizing is needed.
The most common phosphorus-containing fertilizer with an easily accessible form of phosphorus is Superphosphate. Make it necessary in the calculation of 5 - 15 g per square. It is easily soluble in water and well absorbed by plants.
However, with spring top dressing, Superphosphate is recommended for use with nitrogen and potassium fertilizers. For this reason, it’s good to have in stock specialized complex fertilizers developed for a number of crops with the same needs.
As well as what to bring potassium in the garden
Potassium deficiency affects primarily the quality of the fruit, as well as the ability of plants to withstand the stressful conditions that arise during the winter, early spring and summer. But more often we can identify it by more recognizable signs with the “charred” tips of raspberry, grape, and strawberry leaves. This problem is especially common on sandy and peaty soils.
Potassium apples, pears, plums, cherries, red currants, gooseberries are very fond of. From the fourth year of life, grapes need higher doses of phosphorus and potassium. And for other cultures, this is one of the main elements of nutrition. Therefore, in May, after flowering is completed (and on grapes - before it begins), experienced gardeners feed their plants with complex fertilizer, which necessarily includes potassium.
But in areas with signs of potassium starvation of plants, it is better to use top dressing with its increased content, for example, WMD Universal with kalimagnesia. This fertilizer is used in dry form, with a repeat, a month after the first application, in an amount of 10 to 30 g per square meter. You can make it and when planting crops in planting pits, in the amount of 80-120 g per plant.
How to feed the garden in May
All vegetables have different nutrient requirements. Some, to form a crop, absorb more nitrogen from the soil, others - phosphorus, and others - potassium. Some, such as cabbage, equally need both nitrogen and potassium. But in this case, nitrogen should not be abused, since usually these vegetables tend to accumulate it, which means they are obtained with a high content of nitrates.
In order not to be mistaken in the intricacies of dressing vegetable crops, it is necessary to take into account their needs at different stages of development. Therefore, we recommend that you pay attention to the set of complex fertilizers for the whole season - the "Power System" of the company "Buyskie Fertilizers". Each set is calculated by specialists and includes several fertilizers that will provide the plants with a full range of macro- and microelements at all stages of their development - from sowing seeds to harvesting. Each of them is also supplemented by carefully designed instructions that allow you to do everything on time, observing the rules and methods of applying fertilizing, and therefore, significantly facilitating the tasks for the gardener.
In addition to the “Food Systems” sets, there are a number of mass-produced WMD fertilizers developed for individual crops and for different seasons. The manufacturer also provides a variety of narrowly targeted fertilizers, which can be used both independently, with a clear lack of an element, or mixed with other fertilizers.
As well as what to make nitrogen in the garden
As mentioned above, all plants like nitrogen, and vegetables are no exception. For this reason, during the period of growing green mass, it is necessary to feed them with Omu Vesennee complex organomineral fertilizer, in which nitrogen predominates, at the rate of 50 - 100 g per 1 sq. Km. m, with mandatory incorporation into the soil. And later repeat the application another 2 to 3 times.
Or, you can use calcium-ammonium nitrate, in a dose of 20 - 30 g per 10 liters of water for 3-5 square meters. Twice, with an interval of 15 to 20 days. However, this fertilizer is not suitable for all crops. Melons (cucumber, squash, melon, pumpkin) cannot be fed with ammonium nitrate, due to the nitrate form of nitrogen included in it.
Urea is a great solution for tomatoes. It is put in a hole, when planting, 15 g per plant. And bring under the potato. 10 days before planting - 2 kg per hundred square meters, or, 5 days after it, but already in liquid form - 15 g per 10 liters of water with the expectation of half a liter per plant. Just like tomatoes and potatoes, eggplant, zucchini, sorrel, and celery love nitrogen.
As well as what to bring phosphorus in the garden
Usually there is enough phosphorus in the soil. But if, for some reason, the balance is disturbed, this will immediately affect the indicator plants - tomatoes and lettuce. They will develop poorly, the sheet will become pale bluish in color, deformed. The root system will remain underdeveloped.
In this case, vegetables must be fed Superphosphate, single or double. Phosphorus is absorbed from it by 98%, which means it helps to solve the situation and preserve the crop. Make it at the rate of 15 g per square. But both fertilizers are best used as part of mixtures comprising nitrogen and potassium components, which significantly increases their effectiveness.
And if there are no manifestations of phosphorus deficiency? In this case, complex organomineral fertilizers are used, which are especially necessary for plants "lovers" of phosphorus - tomatoes, cucumbers, garlic, dill, parsley, spinach. Having in their composition a complex of basic macro- and elements, they qualitatively provide the culture with everything necessary.
They are introduced at the time of transplanting seedlings, directly into the planting hole, per 20-25 g per plant. Phosphorus helps to strengthen plants, more active flowering and fruit formation, increases the rate of crop ripening.
As well as what to add potassium in the garden
Potassium is very fond of melon, peas, cabbage, onions, lettuce, potatoes, carrots, radishes, beets. This does not mean that other plants do not need it - it is very necessary, but especially for this group of vegetables. For this reason, OMU specialized fertilizer was developed for carrots, radishes, and beets. For carrots, beets, and other root crops, it is recommended to add them for digging the soil when preparing beds for sowing seeds or planting seedlings, in the amount of 10 - 20 g per 1 sq.m.
For cabbage and potatoes, Kalimagnesia is a good solution. It is made in the calculation - 20 - 25 g per 1 square. - at the time of hilling. Or WMD Universal with kalimagnesia, in the calculation of 20 - 30 g per 1 square. The same fertilizer, but at the rate of 50 - 100 g per square meter. will be the best choice for other cultures. Potassium is involved in photosynthesis, increases drought tolerance of plants, their productivity and crop quality. Increases resistance to disease.
If there is soil with high acidity in the area, you should pay attention to a number of fertilizers aimed at its deoxidation. So Limestone flour (dolomitic) carries a high content of calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate. The introduction of it during the spring digging of the beds not only makes up for the lack of magnesium, which is often observed on acidic soils, but also qualitatively improves the earth, increasing the pH values.
But here you need to be careful, since the doses of fertilizer are not the same for soils with different mechanical composition. On the lungs they are reduced by 1.5 times, on the heavy by 10 - 15% increase. In general, for acidic soil, 500 g of dolomite flour per square meter is needed, for medium-acidic - 450 g, for slightly acidic - 350 g.
A good option is the soil deoxidizing agent and a micronutrient fertilizer additive, which has in its composition an increased content of magnesium carbonate and calcium carbonate. It can be applied to vegetables as an independent mineral fertilizer (200 - 300 g per sq. M), and together with the main fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
How to feed the lawn and decorative crops in May
Needs a spring dressing and a decorative garden: lawn, foliage, flowering trees and shrubs. Timely application of fertilizers accelerates their recovery after the winter period, improves development, and hence the appearance.
For the lawn during this period, an excellent solution is the comprehensive granular organic-mineral fertilizer OMU Lawn, specially designed for its quick recovery. It is necessary to introduce it after combing and piercing the grass stand by uniformly scattering 20-30 g of granules per 1 sq. m with obligatory subsequent watering.
For ornamental crops, WMD Spring or WMD for ornamental shrubs is suitable. When top dressing it is scattered around the plants at a dose of 20 - 30 g per square. m followed by loosening and watering the soil. When planting seedlings in a planting pit, I put T90 - 100 g of granules per seedling. Both fertilizers have a prolonging effect, so the next top dressing will need to be done only after 1.5 months.
“Buisk fertilizers” is a good solution for any gardener and gardener both during the beginning of the growing season of crops and during the summer. And not only because they include basic macro- and microelements, humic substances, beneficial bacteria. And due to the fact that easy-to-understand application recommendations are described for each unit of production, there are a number of specialized fertilizers, and complex individual systems of solutions are offered for some of the most popular crops. All this greatly facilitates the work of the summer resident and allows you not to worry about whether everything is done correctly.
Have a good start to the season!